While the evil eye meaning vary across cultures and eras, throughout Europe and the Middle East, charms and talismans to ward it off have been found dating back to the first century BC. As a class, these objects are termed apotropaic (Greek:
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The most common of these are disks or beads having concentric blue and white circles (usually from center outward, dark blue, light blue, white, and dark blue), representing an evil eye. Fight fire with fire, seems to have been the logic of this. This type of talisman is called in Turkish a nazar. In Turkey you will see nazars on houses, in cars, painted on fishing boats, and worn as beads.
I Spanish culture, evil eye meaning is mal de ojo; in Brazil it is mal-olhado; in India it is nazar.
Detail of a 19th-century Anatolian kilim, with rows of crosses (Turkish: Haç) and scattered S-shaped hooks (Turkish: Çengel), both to ward off the evil eye. To adherents of other faiths in the region, the nazar is an attractive decoration
A variety of motifs to ward off the evil eye are commonly woven into tribal kilim rugs. Such motifs include a cross (Turkish: Haç) to divide the evil eye into four, a hook (Turkish: Çengel) to destroy the evil eye, or a human eye (Turkish: Göz) to avert the evil gaze. The shape of a lucky amulet (Turkish: Muska; often, a triangular package containing a sacred verse) is often woven into kilims for the same reason.
The evil eye symbol appeared as early as 5,000 years ago on clay tablets, in cuneiform. The eye symbol can be found in Christian, Muslim, and Jewish cultures, as well as in Buddhist and Hindu societies. The “evil eye” is a curse believed to be cast by a malevolent glare, usually directed toward a person unaware of it. It is generally believed to cause misfortune or even injury. So evil eye jewelry and talismans were created to protect one from such a curse. The colors of evil eyes talismans have deep significance: dark blue is the traditional color for good karma and positive energy. Sky blue symbolizes truth. Combined, these colors are believed to ward off curses. In Greece, an evil eye talisman is called an “atropaic” amulet, from the Greek apo, “away,” and tropos, “turn.” In Turkey, the most basic form of the amulet is concentric blue and white circles, symbolizing an eye and called a nazar boncuğu, from the Arabic word nazar, evil eye meaning sight, surveillance, or attention, and boncuk meaning bead. Evil eye charms are a persistent tradition. They are given on the occasion of a new baby, new business, or even a new car—any event when good luck is wanted.